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For There is one God, and one mediator between God and Man, the man Jesus Christ.
I Tim. 2:5
There is one true God. Not two, not three, and certainly not a plathora. One God.
And one mediator between righteous God and unrighteous man, the man Jesus Christ.
Some say Jesus Christ has always been more than man, but for a season became part man, or inhabited the body of a man, or was the apparition of a man.
But this verse says right now, this very instant, we have one mediator, and he is a man, and his name is Jesus Christ.
Is he God? Is he God with the body of a man? Is he God as the apparition of a man?
Or is Jesus the Son of God entirely human, a man with a beginning but with no end?
Jesus as God
"For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
"Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this."
This is a reference to Jesus. "A child is born, unto us a son is born,... and his name shall be called... The mighty God, everlasting Father..."
Today Christians look at this and say it was a reference that God would come as Jesus Christ.
But it does not say he will be God, or that he will be an everlasting father.
It says his name will be called these things.
Is that synonymous with being those things? Of course not.
"Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,
"Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us."
This is the fulfillment of part of that prophesy.
But Elijah means "God Himself," and Elijah though called this was not God. God simply worked in the ministry of Elijah.
Eliathu means "God is come" and Eliathu simply performed music. Is God in the music? Not literally, it is a figure. Through the ministry of Eliathu, people received the nearness of God.
Moses was also called God. He was as God to Pharoah.
"And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Moses, and he said, Is not Aaron the Levite thy brother? I know that he can speak well. And also, behold, he cometh forth to meet thee: and when he seeth thee, he will be glad in his heart.
"And thou shalt speak unto him, and put words in his mouth: and I will be with thy mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do.
"And he shall be thy spokesman unto the people: and he shall be, even he shall be to thee instead of a mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God."
There is only one true God, and that is Jehovah Elohim of Israel, God and Father of Jesus Christ.
But there are times He deems it appropriate in Scripture to call others by the "title" Elohim," or "theos," in order to denote a certain point of power or authority.
Here in Exodus, Moses was given a specific level of authority. He was as God, i.e., representing God, to Pharoah, and Aaron his brother was his prophet. ("Prophet" simply means spokesman.)
"And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:
"Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever."
"If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods.
"For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour."
The words "judges" underlined are all the word "elohim," "gods" in the text, the common name of God in the Old Testament referring to His authority and power.
Even though these uses of the name for God refer to men, the "gods" (those holding power and representing God) of Israel, they should have been translated "god."
Here men who are definitely not gods are referred to as such not merely by name, but by God-given title.
Look at Psalms:
"I will praise thee with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise unto thee."
Again the rulers of Israel are refered to as gods, before whom the psalmist will sing praises of the Lord God.
Men can be called gods, and in Scripture often are.
"Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre."
At first glance, this appears to be a praise regarding the Lord God Almighty. And when used of Jesus Christ in Hebrew chapter one, it is said today to be a literal reference.
"But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
"Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows."
But let us pay closer attention to Psalm 45:
"My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
"Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
"Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.
"And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
"Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.
"Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.
"Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows."
Psalm 45: 1-7
Who was this psalm addressed to? David the king, referred to as "fairer than the children of men," his peers.
Therefore the God of this god, the king, will anoint him with the oil of gladness above his fellows.
Although this psalm was written at first to honor the king David, two verses of it were also written to honor the son of David (grandsons were simply refered to as sons), Jesus, who was also the son of God.
Thus we again see the title "god" used of a man in reference to title and honor and authority, this time of the man Jesus Christ.
Thus we see the honor in reference to title, not actual divinity.
Jesus as Part God, or Part of God
"So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them."
Here we see God making man in his image. When we see reference to Jesus being in the express image of God, it is in the same essence, not in reference to some supposed divinity. It is never said in Scripture Jesus is "devine."
Without getting into the depth of "in the image of God," we can say that Jesus is the express image of God, and the man and woman created in Genesis 1:27 were in the image of God.
We cannot imply that all men since the fall of Adam (the eating of the fruit of the tree, the first sin) are in the image of God. Men born since then are, Ephesians says, born dead in trespasses and sin, without God and without hope.
Certainly this is not in the image of God.
But Adam and Eve were created in that image, and Jesus is the express image of God.
That which is an image is by definition not the same as the original.
In being an image of God, Jesus is not part God or a part of God.
"And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
"Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.
"The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven."
I Cor. 15:45-47
Adam, as well as being a name, is also a reference to a design. Adam One was in the image of God, so was Adam Two.
Adam One was Earthy. Adam Two was spiritual. But as it states here, both were men.
And Jesus Christ, though upon his resurrection was made a living spirit, is still the man we have as mediator to God. The second man, Jesus, is the Lord from heaven.
Jesus as Apparition
Does the second Adam made a living spirit ("quickening" means "made alive") mean Jesus on earth was an apparition, an unbodied appearance?
"So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:
"It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:
"It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
"And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit."
I Cor. 15:42-45
It is after the resurrection of our Lord Jesus that he was made a quickening spirit. Up to that time he had been natural. His natural state, that of a biologically normal human, had been first.
Was he in any way, shape or form an apparition?
"And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
"But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.
"And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
"Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.
"And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and his feet.
"And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat?
"And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb.
"And he took it, and did eat before them."
He was raised into a spiritual body, but it was still a body. Flesh and blood.
Jesus has in his resurrected body, his spiritual body, form and substance. He is not an apparition.
Jesus as Man
"God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?"
God is not a man, nor the son of man. Jesus is referred to several times as a man, and over fifty times as the Son of Man.
God cannot be tempted, yet Jesus, a man, was tempted in all things yet refused to succumb.
As Jesus is a man, we have a high priest to make intercession for us to God.
As Jesus is a man, we have one who knows what it is like for us to succor us.
As Jesus is a man, we have someone who has compassion for our trials.
As Jesus is a man, we have someone who was able to pay the price of sin: the death of a man.
"Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
"Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God:
"And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
"Ye are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world."
I John 4:1-4
Jesus came not in spirit as an eternal, ever existent being, but as a little baby, in the flesh. That was his origin. He began existence as a man.
A man that God had fore ordained at the beginning of Creation, but still a man.
Many believe in the existence of Jesus. But those who overcome are those that claim the whole package.
Salvation in eternity, for the Christian, comes with confessing Jesus as Lord.
But knowing the man who was tempted as we, knowing the man who is the Lord from heaven, knowing the risen saviour who is the man who is our mediator to God, this is the full package.
In knowing Jesus the man, we have a path to victory, led by a man who has already won.
And we have a path to God, for no man comes unto God as a Father but by the man Jesus Christ, our Lord, our brother.
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